Rootkits allow a third party to gain remote access to and control a computer. These programs are used by IT specialists for remote troubleshooting of network problems. But in the hands of intruders, they turn into a fraud tool: by penetrating your computer, rootkits provide cybercriminals with the opportunity to gain control over it and steal your data or install other malicious programs. Rootkits are able to efficiently mask their presence in the system in order to remain unnoticed for as long as possible. Detection of such malicious code requires manual monitoring of unusual behavior, as well as regular adjustments to the software and operating system to exclude potential infection routes.

2 Trojan programs

More commonly known as Trojans, these programs disguise themselves as legitimate files or software. After downloading and installing, they make changes to the system and carry out malicious activities without the knowledge or consent of the victim.

3 Bugs

Bugs – errors in fragments of program code are not a type of malware, but errors made by the programmer. They can have detrimental effects on your computer, such as stopping, crashing, or reduced performance. At the same time, security bugs are an easy way for attackers to bypass protection and infect your machine. Providing more effective security control on the developer’s side helps to eliminate errors, but it is also important to regularly make programmatic adjustments aimed at eliminating specific bugs.